Statement by Cuba at the Security Council quarterly open debate on situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question. New York, 28 July 2021.

Mr. President,

We endorse the statement delivered by Azerbaijan on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement and the Permanent Representative of Senegal, in his capacity as the Chair of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.

We reiterate our profound concern about the impact of COVID-19 on the countries of the Middle East. In particular, the socio-economic and humanitarian situation of the Palestinian people continues to worsen. Tackling the pandemic requires joint actions that prioritize cooperation and solidarity over political differences.

It is regrettable that, in the midst of this complex scenario, the Security Council continues to fail to adopt measures to put an end to the Israeli military aggression and occupation of the Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, in accordance with its resolution 2334 (2016). 

We reaffirm the strong condemnation of the indiscriminate bombings by the State of Israel against the Palestinian population in Gaza last May, which resulted in the loss of hundreds of lives and extensive material damage.

These aggressions constitute yet another grave and flagrant violation of the Charter of the United Nations, international law and international humanitarian law by Israel, which continues the occupation and consolidates its annexation policies, increases its illegal colonization practices and measures, including the construction and expansion of settlements in the occupied Palestinian territory, punitive demolitions, the forced displacement of hundreds of civilians, the blockade of the Gaza Strip and plans for annexation of the Palestinian territories in the Jordan Valley and other parts of the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

These deplorable actions by Israel count on the complicity and impunity guaranteed by the United States, whose government obstructs the action of the United Nations Security Council. We call once again on this body to fulfill its responsibility granted by the Charter of the United Nations for the maintenance of international peace and security, and to demand an immediate end to the occupation of the Palestinian territories, as well as compliance with the resolutions on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian question.

We ratify our unrestricted support for a comprehensive, just and lasting solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that allows the Palestinian people to exercise their right to self-determination and to establish an independent and sovereign State within the pre-1967 borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital, and guaranteeing the right of return of refugees.

We express our unwavering solidarity with the Palestinian people and government. We support the accession of the State of Palestine as a full member of the United Nations and the call of its President for an international peace conference.

Mr. President,

The aggressive, unilateral and unjustified actions of the United States in the Middle East severely infringe upon the legitimate interests of Arab and Islamic nations and lead to a dangerous escalation in the region.

We reiterate our rejection of the so-called "Deal of the Century", drawn up by the US government, which disregards the two-State solution that has enjoyed the historic support of the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, the League of Arab States, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and other international actors.

 

The unilateral decision of the United States government to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, to establish its diplomatic representation in that city, disrespecting its historical status, as well as to recognize Israel's sovereignty over the Syrian Golan, constitute serious violations of the Charter of the United Nations, international law and the relevant Security Council resolutions. We hope that the current Government will reverse such decisions, which, far from helping, further distances the possibility of a negotiated solution.

We demand, once again, the total and unconditional withdrawal of Israel from the Syrian Golan and all occupied Arab territories.

We support the search for a peaceful and negotiated solution to the situation imposed on Syria, without external interference and with full respect for its sovereignty and territorial integrity. We reiterate our strongest condemnation of the implementation of the "Caesar Law", which hinders the reconstruction of that country, even more, in the complex scenario of COVID-19.

We ratify our full support for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran and the rejection of the withdrawal of the United States from the Agreement.

We demand the immediate and unconditional end to the arbitrary and illegal unilateral coercive measures imposed on sovereign States, in violation of the human rights of their peoples, international law and the Charter of the United Nations, and which generate additional difficulties in the current context of confronting the pandemic.

Mr. President,

We reiterate our support for the urgent call of the Secretary-General of the United Nations to put an end to armed conflicts, hostilities and wars and instead open opportunities for diplomacy and cooperation, which will allow us to face this devastating pandemic together. The right to peace remains a fundamental priority.

It is the duty of all States, and in particular of the members of the Security Council, to defend multilateralism and the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, including respect for the sovereign equality of States, their political independence, unity and territorial integrity, and non-interference in their internal affairs; the peaceful settlement of disputes; and to refrain from the use or threat of use of force in international relations.

Thank you.