We appreciate the convening of this meeting to discuss the Security Council Annual Report to the General Assembly of 2020, contained in document A/75/2.
The relevance of the Security Council, as an organ mandated by the Charter of the United Nations for the maintenance of international peace and security, requires that the presentation of its annual reports cease to be a formal and uncritical exercise.
It is regrettable that, year after year, the demand of the majority of Member States of the Organization that these reports be exhaustive and analytical, so as to contribute to an exercise of true accountability to the General Assembly, is disregarded.
Such is the case of the report we are discussing today, which is limited only to a description of the list of meetings, activities and resolutions of the Council, which does not allows assessing the causes and implications of the decisions made by that organ.
For example, the document does not assess the impact that temporary and extraordinary working methods used by the Council, as of mid-March 2020, have had on the performance of the organ´s duties.
While these methods are an example of the efforts made to try to ensure the work of the Council and the participation of States in the exceptional circumstances imposed by the COVID-19 pandemic, they were not sufficient to guarantee the full participation of UN Member States in the open debates through videoconferences. In addition, the methods limited the participation of non-Council Member States in closed consultations on issues that especially affect them, as established in Rule 37 of the Provisional Rules of Procedure of the Security Council.
It is inadmissible that the report fails to mention the violations of the Security Council´s own resolutions, in particular resolution 2334 (2016), while Israel, with impunity, continues to expand its illegal settlements in the occupied Palestinian territories and threatens to annex the territories of the Jordan Valley and other parts of the West Bank and East Jerusalem. It is deplorable that the stagnation of the Palestinian question and the prolongation of the suffering of its people is not reflected.
Although we recognize the increase in the number of public meetings of the Security Council, including open debates, there remains the organ´s tendency to work mainly in closed formats, to make decisions without addressing the concerns of Member States and to force decisions on draft resolutions even when there are considerable disagreement with their content.
Greater transparency in the work of the Security Council will contribute to its effective performance on behalf of all Member States, in accordance with article 24 of the Charter of the United Nations. The Council must represent the interests of all UN Member States, in order to preserve multilateralism and the credibility of the Organization.
In this regard, we advocate that informal consultations by the Council be the exception rather than the practice, the issue of minutes on these consultations and the adoption of the rules of procedure of the organ, which to date remain provisional.
We reject the selective manipulation of the Council's methods and practices as a tool for political pressure against sovereign States; as well as interference in matters outside its competence, especially those that concern the mandate of the General Assembly.
We reiterate our support for a comprehensive Security Council reform, including its working methods, with a view to making it a transparent, democratic and representative organ, in line with the evolution of the United Nations membership.