75 UNGA: Statement by Cuba at Intergovernmental negotiations on Security Council reform. Items: Categories of Membership and the Question of the Veto. New York, 16 February, 2021

Co-Chairs,

We appreciate the convening of this meeting to address two of the five key issues of the Security Council reform, namely “the categories of membership” and “the question of the veto”.

A few weeks ago, we held the first meeting of Intergovernmental Negotiations on Security Council Reform in this session. The high level of participation in that meeting showed the significance that Member States attach to this matter, and the willingness to discuss it as the only way to reach consensus.

Co-Chairs,

Cuba supports an expansion of the Security Council, both in the permanent and non-permanent categories, with the aim of redressing the underrepresentation of developing countries.

The membership of the Security Council should be expanded to no less than 26 members.

The expansion should include an increase of new permanent members: at least two African countries, two developing countries from Asia and two from Latin America and the Caribbean.

Cuba also favors the expansion of seats of the non-permanent member category, which should be enlarged to at least 15 members.

We are not in favor of the creation of new membership categories or subcategories since that would deepen the existing differences and foment division within the Council.

Cuba has always opposed the existence of the veto power. However, as long as it is not eliminated, the new seats to be created in the category of permanent members must have the same privileges and rights as the current ones, including the veto power, without establishing selective or discriminatory criteria.

Co-Chairs,

We must avoid proposals that do not result in consensus. All issues related to the reform of this body must be addressed in a comprehensive manner. We have taken due note of the adjustments proposed by the co-chairs to hold a detailed discussion in the framework of these intergovernmental negotiations on the five key issues of the process, as established by General Assembly decision 62/557, in order to reach the broadest possible consensus.

We hope this process continues to be a space for inclusive and transparent debate, in order to continue addressing the necessary reform of the Security Council. You can count on my delegation´s support.

Thank you.