74 UNGA: Statement by H.E. Ms. Ana Silvia Rodríguez Abascal, Deputy Permanent Representative, Chargé d'Affaires a.i., on agenda Item 15: "Culture of Peace". New York, 12 December 2019

Mr. Chairman,

Peace can only be reproduced if it is consistent with a set of values, attitudes, traditions, behaviors and lifestyles: with a culture of peace.

The General Assembly analyses today agenda item 15: "Culture of Peace", in a global context marked by armed conflicts in several regions; by an increase in hate, racist and xenophobic discourse, even by senior State officials; by an increase in poverty and inequality, by an eagerness of some States to close doors and build walls instead of building bridges and fostering understanding among nations and cultures. 

In the world we live in today more bullets are manufactured a year than books printed.

As long as nuclear deterrence is used as a method to contain war, human beings will not enjoy a culture of peace. Today's expanding nuclear arsenals are a direct threat to peace. How far is humanity from realizing the yearning enshrined in the Constitution of UNESCO: "since wars begin in the minds of men, it is in the minds of men that the defenses of peace must be constructed!"

Cuba notes with concern that the deep gap that divides human society into rich and poor and the ever-increasing disparity between the developed and the developing world pose a major threat to global prosperity, peace and security, and stability.

We are convinced that, in order to preserve and promote peace, the policies of States should be oriented towards the elimination of the threat of war, particularly nuclear war, the commitment to the peaceful settlement of international disputes and the respect for and promotion of the right to development.

There can be no peace without full respect for the sovereignty of States; there can be no peace without respect for the self-determination of peoples and the territorial integrity of States. The use of unilateral coercive measures as a foreign policy tool must cease.

Violence must be brought to an end, life must be respected, dialogue and cooperation must be considered, and emphasis must be placed on the education and the transmission of values for peace.

In promoting and developing a culture of peace it is necessary to condemn all acts, methods and practices of terrorism, including State terrorism, and to take concrete actions to fight this scourge.

Mr. Chairman,

Putting an end to the economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the United States against Cuba would be an action in favor of peace; this Assembly has pointed this out, through annual resolution adopted by an overwhelming majority for 28 years.

There is no culture of peace when the United States Government launches a new slander campaign to discredit Cuba as part of its policy of growing hostility against our country.

Such campaign is motivated by the political failure to attempt to bring Cubans to their knees by strengthening the economic blockade and by implementing measures to deprive us of fuel, given the proven resilience capacity of our people.

We denounce the actions of the United States Embassy in Cuba, from which mercenaries are guided and financed, who are incited to violence, disturbance of the peace and disrespect for law- enforcement officers.

Mr. Chairman,

The new aggressions against Cuba will fail, just as the 60-year policy of blockade has failed.

We Cubans reaffirm our commitment to peace and to the promotion of a culture of peace.

We ratify the CELAC Declaration on Latin America and the Caribbean as a Zone of Peace, the full validity of the Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace and we affirm that peace is a fundamental requirement for the promotion and protection of all human rights of all persons.

Thank you very much.