74 UNGA: Statement by Cuba at Quarterly Open Debate of the Security Council on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian Question. New York, 22 January 2020

Statement by Ambassador Oscar Leon González, Chargé D´affaires a.i. of the Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations. Quarterly Open Debate of the Security Council on the situation in the Middle East, including the Palestinian Question. New York, 22 January 2020.

Mr. President:

We support the statement delivered by Azerbaijan on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.

It is regrettable that no measures have been taken in the past period to end the Israeli military aggression and occupation of the Palestinian territory, including East Jerusalem, in accordance with resolution 2334 (2016), adopted by this Council, which remains silent while Israel, with impunity, consolidates its policy of expansion of illegal settlements in the occupied Palestinian territory and threatens to annex the Palestinian territories in the Jordan Valley and other regions of the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

We condemn the occupation of the Palestinian territory, the illegal and colonizing policies, practices and measures, including the construction and expansion of Israeli settlements in the occupied Palestinian territory, the punitive demolitions, the seizure of resources from Palestinian institutions, the forced displacement of hundreds of Palestinian civilians and the blockade of the Gaza Strip.

We reject the acts of provocation, terror, incitement and violence and the indiscriminate and disproportionate use of force against Palestinian civilians, in flagrant violation of the United Nations Charter and International Humanitarian Law.

Due to repeated obstruction by the United States, this body has not even been able to condemn the escalation of violence and the tragic events that took place in the Gaza Strip since 30 March 2018.

We regret the precarious situation in which the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East finds itself as a result of the withdrawal of the United States financial support.

The Security Council must fulfill its primary responsibility bestowed under the Charter, to maintain international peace and security and to demand that Israel immediately and completely end its occupation of the Palestinian territories and its aggressive policies and colonizing practices.

We express our unwavering solidarity with the government and people of Palestine and the support for Palestine's entry as a full member into the United Nations.

We reaffirm our unrestricted support for a comprehensive, just and lasting solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which will enable the Palestinian people to exercise their right to self-determination and to establish an independent and sovereign State on the pre-1967 borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital, and which will guarantee the right of return for the refugees.

Mr. President:

Washington's aggressive, unilateral and unjustified actions in the Middle East severely undermine the legitimate interests of the Arab and Islamic nations and lead to a dangerous escalation in the region.

We reiterate our rejection of the so-called "deal of the century", drawn up by the current United States Administration, which does not envisage the creation of a Palestinian State, ignoring the two-State solution, which has been historically supported by the United Nations, the Non-Aligned Movement, the League of Arab States, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation and other international actors.

The unilateral decision of the United States government to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and to establish its diplomatic representation in that city, showing disrespect for its historic status, as well as the decision to recognize Israel's sovereignty over the Syrian Golan, constitute flagrant violations of the United Nations Charter, the International Law and of the relevant resolutions adopted by the Security Council.

We call once again for Israel's total and unconditional withdrawal from the Syrian Golan and from all occupied Arab territories.

Mr President:

We strongly condemn the U.S. airstrike of Baghdad airport in Iraq and the targeted assassination using missiles, which is a clear violation of the International Law and the sovereignty of that country. These aggressive, unilateral and unjustified actions by the United States pose a serious escalation in the Middle East region, where a conflict of major proportions can break out with unpredictable loss of human life and consequences for world peace and stability.

We reaffirm our full support for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or Nuclear Agreement with Iran and our rejection of the US withdrawal from the Agreement, the re-imposition of unilateral sanctions and the military threat against the Islamic Republic of Iran.

In this scenario, it is the duty of all States and in particular of the members of this Council to defend multilateralism and the purposes and principles of the Charter, in particular respect for the sovereign equality of States and their political independence, unity and territorial integrity, the peaceful settlement of disputes and refraining from the use or threat of use of force in international relations.

Thank you.