74 UNGA: Remarks by the Chargé d´Affaires of Cuba to the United Nations, Ambassador Ana Silvia Rodríguez Abascal at the UN General Assembly. New York, 25 November 2019.

74 UNGA: Remarks by the Chargé d´Affaires of Cuba to the United Nations, Ambassador Ana Silvia Rodríguez Abascal at the UN General Assembly. New York, 25 November 2019.

Item 122 - Question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and other matters related to the Security Council

Mr. President,

Allow me to take this opportunity to acknowledge the work carried out by the co-chairs of the intergovernmental negotiating process for the Security Council reform during the 73rd session, H.E. Lana Zaki, Ambassador of the United Arab Emirates, and H.E. Christian Braun of Luxembourg.

Cuba supports a comprehensive reform of the Security Council, including its working methods, in order to make this organ transparent, democratic and representative.

The foregoing includes transparent informal negotiations, the adoption of its rules of procedure, which, to date, continues to be provisional, that the minutes of the Council's informal consultations be issued, which should be the exception rather than the rule, and that the annual report be comprehensive and analytical of its work, among other aspects.

We support an expansion of the Security Council membership, both in the permanent and non-permanent categories, with the aim of redressing the underrepresentation of developing countries.

The membership of the Security Council should be expanded to no less than 26 members.

The expansion should include an increase of new permanent members, at least 2 African countries, 2 developing countries from Asia and 2 from Latin America and the Caribbean.

The non-permanent member category should be increased to at least 15 members. Cuba has always opposed the existence of the right to veto. However, as long as it is not removed, the new seats created in the category of permanent members should have the same privileges and rights as the current ones, including the veto power.

Cuba does not favor the creation of new categories or subcategories of membership because it would deepen existing differences and foment division within the Council.

The interference of the Council in matters outside its purview must cease, particularly in those issues that fall under the mandate of the UN General Assembly.

Mr. President,

We reiterate the significance of maintaining the intergovernmental negotiations on this topic as a way to address in a comprehensive manner all issues related to the Reform of that organ, through the analysis of its five key issues, to wit, the categories of membership, the question of the veto power, regional representation, the size of an enlarged Security Council and the working methods and the relationship between the Security Council and the General Assembly, as stipulated in the General Assembly´s decision 62/557.

The outcome document presented by the co-chairs of the process, on elements of commonality and issues for future consideration at the 74th session, shows the diversity of existing positions and therefore the need to continue the dialogue among Member States, in an inclusive and transparent manner.

Thank you