73 UNGA:Statement by the Cuban delegation on Agenda Item 76 "Report of the International Court of Justice." New York, October 25, 2018.

Madam Chair,

Cuba endorses the statement by the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement.

We appreciate the submission of the Report of the International Court of Justice covering the period from August 1, 2017 to July 31, 2018 contained in document A / 73/4. We reiterate our commitment to the strict enforcement of International Law.

We recognize the work of the Court since its inception. Its decisions and advisory opinions have been of special importance not only for the cases submitted to its consideration, but also for the development of Public International Law, since it constitutes an important source thereof.

Cuba welcomes the peaceful settlement of disputes in accordance with Article 33.1 of the Charter of the United Nations and has declared submission, with prior consent, to the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.

Cuba regrets the existence of Court judgments without enforcement, in clear violation of Article 94 of the Charter of the United Nations, which establishes that each member of the UN undertakes to comply with the decision of the International Court of Justice in any case to which it is a party.

In this regard, we note with concern that the effectiveness and enforceability of the judgments of the Court may be subject to criticism, not without reason, when some countries still do not recognize unfavorable judgments. Regrettably, the refusal of these countries to comply with the judgments pronounced and the hindering of the mechanisms of the United Nations to enforce the judgments, using the privilege of the right to veto in the Security Council, shows the imperfection of the Court’s mechanisms to execute its decisions.

This situation shows the need to reform the United Nations system, in order to grant greater guarantees to developing countries with regard to the powerful nations, which also extends to the International Court of Justice.

Madam Chair,

Cuba attaches special importance to the advisory opinions of the ICJ, among which stands out the one of July 9, 2004, entitled "Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory", which remains fully valid under the current circumstances.

For this reason, and as it has already been expressed in this Chamber, Cuba urges that the advisory opinions be fully respected and calls on all States to respect and guarantee respect for the provisions of the Court on this important matter.

Madam Chair,

We wish to thank the Court for the publications made available to the Governments parties and for the online resources, which constitute a valuable material for the dissemination and study of Public International Law. This is particularly important for developing countries, some of which are often deprived of information related to the progress of international law, which in the case of Cuba, is aggravated by the absurd blockade policy imposed by the United States and overwhelmingly rejected by the international community.

I conclude by reiterating the pacifist vocation of Cuba, with full adherence to international law, and the commitment to faithfully comply with international obligations arising from the treaties to which it is a party.

Thank you very much.