71 UNGA: Cuba at the General Debate of the Second Committee on: “Globalization and Interdependence".

Mr. Chairman,

Cuba endorses the statements made by the distinguished delegations of Thailand and the Maldives, who have spoken today on behalf of the Group of 77 and China, and of the Alliance of Small Island Developing States, respectively.

In like manner, my delegation would like to commend the Secretary-General for the reports presented on the issue under discussion.

Mr. Chairman,

Never before had the role of the United Nations been so notable in promoting development. In a world that is becoming increasingly interconnected and interdependent, it is indispensable to have a transparent and inclusive multilateral system for ensuring that the benefits of globalization are available to all UN Member States and all human beings. However, reality has been very different. Globalization has moved forward under neoliberal principles, deepening inequalities inherent to the capitalist development.

Achieving sustainable development entails recognition and respect for the diversity of approaches, views, models and instruments determined by every people in the exercise of their right to self-determination, taking into account their own special features. In addition, respect for the sovereign decision to determine their development model is an indispensable condition for the strengthening and legitimacy of the United Nations.

The 2030 Development Agenda and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development, as well as the implementation of internationally adopted agreements, including regional development programs, will not produce coherent and tangible results without the involvement of the United Nations.

Mr. Chairman,

Cuba reaffirms the pressing need to achieve a New International Economic Order, on the basis of equity, sovereign equality, interdependence, common interest and cooperation of all States, regardless of their economic and social systems.  This will allow to redress inequalities and to remedy the current acts of injustice, in order to eliminate the growing disparities between developed and developing countries and to ensure a just economic and social development to present and future generations.

Mr. Chairman,

The rapid development of globalization, enabled by remarkable advances in science, technology and innovation, has witnessed the deepening of the development gap between the North and the South. Poverty, hunger, illiteracy, unemployment and death from preventable and curable diseases persist as chronic scourges.

In the context of the implementation of 2030 Agenda, the developing countries need to achieve technological sovereignty. These countries should be provided adequate access under preferential conditions to environmentally friendly technologies, to technologies that enable to better meet their development priorities.

Cuba looks forward to the progress of several initiatives that, as part of the 2030 Development Agenda and of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development, should be intended to strengthen regional and international, North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation in the field of science, technology and innovation, their access to them and to an increased exchange of knowledge. To this end, the Technology Facilitation Mechanism and the implementation, no later than 2017, of the technology bank and the mechanism to support science, technology and innovation for the least developed countries, will be instrumental.

Culture is a significant factor in achieving social inclusion and eradicating poverty. Culture and respect for cultural diversity significantly contribute to the sustainable development of communities, peoples and nations. The United Nations should strengthen policies and actions of the System as a whole in the areas of culture and development, taking advantage of the framework provided by the 2030 Agenda and the leadership role of the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture on this matter.

Mr. Chairman,

It is imperative to overcome the current unjust and excluding international economic order. This is crucial to address the reasons why millions of people emigrate every year, even risking their lives in reaching out for better standards of living and greater wellbeing. Cuba advocates a legal, safe and orderly migration as an essential principle for development.

In like manner, Cuba is fostering an international cooperation that ensures dialogue and genuine collaboration, recognizes the shared responsibility of all States in terms of migration, and respects the sovereignty and equality of all States and other provisions of the Charter of the United Nations, as well as the integrity, dignity and wellbeing of migrants.

The so called Cuban Adjustment Act provides Cuban citizens with a preferential and unique migratory treatment worldwide, by automatically admitting to U.S. territory those arriving in an irregular manner. This is done in violation of bilateral migratory agreements aimed at ensuring a legal, safe and orderly migration.

The wet-foot-dry-foot policy guarantees the implementation of the “Cuban adjustment” to migrants who manage to set foot on U.S. soil, while those who are intercepted at sea are returned to their country of origin. While victimizing migrants, who fall in the hands of gangs of human traffickers, together with the safety risks involved, this policy leads to difficulties for transit countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.

This Act and its implementation policy are an incentive for human smuggling and irregular migration directly from the Cuban territory and also from third countries, including Cuban citizens who legally travel abroad. These policies result in death and are discriminatory to migrants from any other country.

Mr. Chairman,

The existing international economic and financial environment is not conducive to the progress of the work of the United Nations in promoting development.

Likewise, Cuba reaffirms its continued unfailing commitment to equity, social justice and full development of all peoples and every human being. We continue to believe that the transcendental solutions required by the world will demand to exert every effort to the common wellbeing of our peoples.

Thank you very much.