New York, 22 January 2021. Together with the United Nations, Cuba welcomed the entry into force today of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) was adopted at the United Nations conference to negotiate a legally binding instrument to prohibit nuclear weapons, leading towards their total elimination, held in 2017.
It makes an effective contribution to general and complete disarmament - as well as to international peace and security - by establishing a new rule of international law that categorically prohibits nuclear weapons in all circumstances and nuclear testing of all kinds. Cuba signed the Treaty on the same day it was opened for signature at the United Nations headquarters. It was the fifth Member State to ratify it, on 30 January 2018.
The island has made public its commitment to nuclear disarmament, to which it gives the highest priority in the field of disarmament. Moreover, it has stated that the prohibition of nuclear weapons as a rule of international law is an essential step in the path towards the total and irreversible elimination of nuclear weapons.
Among the principles of the foreign policy of the Republic of Cuba, included in the Constitution promulgated on 24 February 2019, it is reaffirmed that: “it promotes the general and complete disarmament and rejects the existence, proliferation or use of nuclear weapons, weapons of mass destruction or those with similar effects, as well as the development and use of new weapons and new forms of waging war, such as cyber warfare, that transgress international law”.
With the entry into force of this Treaty, the international community has clearly established that nuclear weapons are not only inhumane, immoral and ethically indefensible, but also illegal.