75 UNGA: Statement by the Cuban delegation on Item 85 “Report of the Special Committee on the Charter of the United Nations and on the strengthening of the role of the organization”. New York, 23 October 2020

Mr. Chairman,

Cuba associates itself with the statement delivered by the Islamic Republic of Iran on behalf of NAM and wishes to make the following statement in its national capacity.

Mr. Chairman,

Our delegation welcomes the Secretary-General´s report A/75/145.

We support the work of the Special Committee on the Charter and its agenda and also appreciate the presentation of its report contained in document A/75/33.

Together with the Chair of the Committee and the Member States, we will continue to promote its work, in accordance with the mandate derived from UNGA Resolution 3349 (XXIX), from which this Committee emerged.

The importance of this mandate is confirmed under the current international circumstances where some countries attempt to reinterpret the principles of the Charter of the United Nations to promote political agendas of interventionism and interference in the internal affairs of States, to the detriment of the integrity and sovereignty, particularly of developing countries.

Such is the case of the actions of the United States which, as part of its interfering policy that openly violates the UN Charter, imposes unilateral coercive measures on different States, among them the economic, commercial and financial blockade against the people of Cuba simply because they freely exercise their right to self-determination and establish the economic, political and social system of their choice. Furthermore, the United States also takes the liberty to affect economic relations between Cuba and third countries.

Mr. Chairman,

The respect and promotion of the regulations of the Charter of the United Nations are of paramount importance. The leading role of the General Assembly as the chief regulatory, deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the United Nations must be preserved and strengthened.

The Special Committee is the enabling environment to negotiate any amendments to the Charter of the United Nations, including those arising from the ongoing reform process of the Organization. It is the appropriate framework for proposing recommendations to implement all the provisions contained in the Charter and ensure that all Member States and UN organs act in accordance with its principles and purposes.

In this regard, the Special Committee on the Charter should promote and be open to full debate on any proposed resolution, decision or action by United Nations organs when having implications for compliance with and implementation of the Charter.

Mr. Chairman,

Despite the attempts to hamper the work of the Committee due to the lack of political will of some States to move forward in the discussion of proposals, concrete results have been observed. The debate on peaceful settlement of disputes over the last three years and the amount of initiatives submitted this year show the importance of the Committee. Those who oppose its work argue that it does not obtain results, ignoring that it is them who systematically refuse to discuss substantive proposals and hinder the adoption of any decision, simply alleging disagreement, without elaborating or discussing their opinions.  

In that respect, we support the current agenda of the Committee and thank the delegations of Belarus, Russia, Ghana, Mexico, Syria, Iran, as well as NAM, for their contributions to its work through relevant proposals. At the same time, we continue encouraging delegations to analyze the Cuban proposal in order to achieve consensus on it. 

Finally, we would like to thank the Special Committee on the Charter and its Chairman, for the serious and constructive manner in which they have conducted its work.

Thank you.