74 UNGA: Statement by Ambassador Ana Silvia Rodríguez Abascal, Deputy Permanent Representative and Chargé d’Affaires a.i. of Cuba to the United Nations, upon presentation of the Annual Report of the Security Council. New York, 31 August 2020.

Mr. President,

Our delegation is grateful to you for convening this meeting to discuss the Security Council Annual Report to the General Assembly of 2019, contained in document A/73/2.

Once again, the annual report of such a relevant organ in the maintenance of international peace and security is merely a descriptive account of meetings, activities and decisions of the Security Council, when the vast majority of United Nations Member States have questioned whether this is just a formal and uncritical exercise.

We demand an annual report of the Security Council that is exhaustive and analytical, that allows assessing the causes and implications of the decisions made by the Council.

It is inadmissible that the Security Council Report of 2019 fails to mention the violations of its own resolutions, in particular resolution 2334 (2016), while Israel, with impunity, consolidates its expansion policy of illegal settlements in the occupied Palestinian territory and threatened to annex the Palestinian territories of the Jordan Valley and other parts of the West Bank and East Jerusalem.

Mr. President,

In accordance with Article 24 of the UN Charter, its Members recognize that the Security Council, in discharging its functions, acts on their behalf and that, consequently, the work of the Council is a collective responsibility of all Member States.

Greater transparency in the work of the organ will therefore contribute to the effective exercise of such collective responsibility. We advocate transparent informal meetings, the adoption of the rules of procedure, which to date remain provisional and the issue of minutes of the Council informal consultations, that should be the exception rather than the rule.

Although we recognize the increase in the number of public meetings, including open debates, there remains the Security Council’s tendency to work mainly in closed formats, to make decisions without addressing the concerns of Member States and to force decisions on draft resolutions even when there are considerable differences in their content.

Mr. President,

We reiterate our support to a comprehensive Security Council reform, including its working methods, with a view to making it a transparent, democratic and representative organ, in line with the evolution of the United Nations and international relations.

We reject the selective manipulation of the Council's methods and practices on the basis of political and domination agendas, particularly interference in matters outside its competence, especially those that concern the mandate of the General Assembly; as well as the politization in the review of others, subject to the organ´s consideration.

Mr. President,

Beyond Presidential Note S/2017/507, which was an important effort, we reiterate the need for a reformed, democratic, transparent and efficient Security Council that represents the interests of all Member States of the Organization, in order to preserve the multilateralism, credibility and legitimacy of the United Nations in the long term.

The instrumentalization of the Security Council as a tool of political pressure against sovereign States must end.

Thank you.