First of all, we would like to extend our congratulations to the distinguished Ambassadors of Poland and the United Arab Emirates on their appointment as co-chairs of the intergovernmental negotiation process for the reform of the Security Council at the 74th session. The delegation of Cuba wishes them every success in their work, for which they count on our support.
We hope that this process will continue to be a space for inclusive and transparent debate, a process that moves forward on the basis of consensus.
We reiterate that Cuba supports a comprehensive reform of the Security Council, inclusive of its working methods, in order to make this organ transparent, democratic and representative.
The foregoing includes transparent informal negotiations, the adoption of its rules of procedure, which, to date, continues to be provisional, that the minutes of the Council's informal consultations be issued, which should be the exception rather than the rule, and that the annual report be thorough and analytical of its work, among other aspects.
We support an expansion of the Security Council membership, both in the permanent and non-permanent categories, with the aim of redressing the underrepresentation of developing countries.
The membership of the Security Council should be expanded to no less than 26 members.
The expansion should include an increase of new permanent members, at least 2 African countries, 2 developing countries from Asia and 2 from Latin America and the Caribbean.
The non-permanent member category should be increased to at least 15 members. Cuba has always opposed the existence of the right to veto. However, as long as it is not removed, the new seats created in the category of permanent members should have the same privileges and rights as the current ones, including the veto power.
Cuba is not in favor of the creation of new membership categories or subcategories because that would deepen the existing differences and foment division within the Council.
The interference of the Council in matters outside its purview must stop, particularly in those issues that fall under the mandate of the UN General Assembly.
We must avoid putting forward proposals that do not generate consensus. All issues related to the reform of this body must be addressed in a comprehensive manner, through the analysis of its five key issues, to wit, the membership category, the question of the veto, regional representation, the size of the enlarged Security Council, working methods and the relationship between the Security Council and the General Assembly, as stipulated in General Assembly decision 62/557.