Cuba supports a genuine and profound reform of the Security Council, to convert it into an effective, transparent, representative and democratic body in in line with developments of the United Nations and international relations.
We welcome the adoption by the Security Council of its Presidential Note S/2017/507, which consolidates all presidential notes on the Council's working methods.
However, further efforts are required without delay towards the democratization of the Security Council, both in its composition and working methods, with the aim not to jeopardize the credibility of the United Nations and its long-term legitimacy.
While acknowledging the increase in recent years in the number of open debates, briefings, monthly wrap-up sessions and the unprecedented process of consultations and exchanges with Member States for the selection and appointment of the Secretary-General, there is a continued tendency by the Council to working primarily in closed formats and making decisions without addressing the concerns of the non-permanent members and other United Nations members.
Effective formulas are needed to banish exclusionary practices and to ensure genuine participation and democratization in the Council´s work and decision-making.
We recall that, in accordance with Article 24 of the UN Charter, its members recognize that the Security Council, in carrying out its functions, acts on their behalf and, consequently, the work of the Council is a collective responsibility of all member States
Cuba reaffirms the need for the Council to adopt a final text which will regulate its work, thus ending the "provisional" status of its rules of procedure for more than 70 years. This is essential for transparency as well as for the necessary accountability.
We regret that the Council continues to submit annual reports to the General Assembly which provide a mere descriptive account of the meetings, activities and decisions of the organ, rather than reflecting an explanatory, comprehensive and analytical content of its work, for assessing the causes and implications of its decisions.
Regrettably, the Security Council continues to fail to submit special reports on measures to maintain international peace and security for the consideration of the General Assembly, as requested by the Charter under Articles 15 and 24.
With regard to the question of the veto, which is closely linked to the Council's working methods, we reiterate that it is an anachronistic and undemocratic privilege, which should be eliminated as soon as possible.
In addition to a change in the working methods, the Security Council must align its functions with the mandate entrusted to it under the Charter of the United Nations.
In that regard, Cuba expresses serious concern at the Security Council's tendency to consider issues that do not pose an immediate threat to international peace and security and to assume functions beyond its competence, increasingly usurping the role conferred by the Charter to other United Nations bodies, particularly the General Assembly.
Selective manipulation in its operating practices, attempts to introduce issues that are not on the Council's agenda and the politicization of certain issues in keeping with particular interests of domination and hegemony must be halted and strongly rejected.
There can be no genuine reform of the United Nations until the Security Council is reformed. This is the only way in which we will preserve multilateralism and will be able to count upon a reformed, democratic, transparent, efficient and efficient Security Council that represents the interests of all member States of the Organization.
Thank you very much