New York, 21 November 2019. Cuba has been a victim of the most severe and prolonged system of unilateral coercive measures that has ever been imposed on any country. The economic, commercial and financial blockade imposed by the government of the United States of America against Cuba for almost six decades is the main obstacle to the development of our country and to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, said Ambassador Maria del Carmen Herrera Caseiro, Deputy Director General of the General Division of Multilateral Affairs and International Law at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cuba, at the process of adoption of the draft resolution: "Unilateral economic measures as a means of political and economic coercion against developing countries", within the Second Committee of the United Nations.
The Cuban diplomat referred to the report of the Special Rapporteur on the negative repercussions of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights (A/HRC/42/46) of July 2019, stressing that it recognizes that "economic sanctions and blockades are increasingly becoming a threat to international peace and security, insofar as their unjustified and systematic use exacerbates tensions among States and leads to further violations of human rights, while distorting the structure of the collective security system enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations".”
In her statement, Herrera Caseiro described the current international scenario as complex and dangerous; where multilateralism and international cooperation, essential to overcome challenges such as extreme poverty, hunger, illiteracy, unemployment and climate change, are being undermined by the aggressive and unilateral behavior of a few countries with hegemonic pretensions.
Given the worsening of multiple conflicts, most of which are promoted by great powers, unilateral measures are imposed in order to exercise political and economic coercion against developing peoples, explained the Caribbean diplomat.
She also argued that such unilateral measures directly undermine the sovereignty, sovereign equality and political independence of States, as well as the non-interference in their internal affairs and hinder their efforts towards development and the promotion and full enjoyment of the human rights of their peoples.
Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations