New York, 14 de octubre de 2020. "It is for children that we work, because children are the ones who know how to love, because children are the hope of the world", wrote José Martí, Cuba's National Hero, in 1889, on the cover of the first issue of his magazine La Edad de Oro (The Golden Age), dedicated to the children of Cuba and Latin America.
Heiress to Marti’s thought, in today's Cuba, the rights of children and adolescents are a priority. UNICEF has highlighted the country's attainments in the care for the children, in particular the full access to culture, education and health.
The principle of the best interest of the child is duly embodied in the national legislation, and constitutes a core idea in the administrative, educational, family, legal and judicial areas.
In Cuba, the achievements in child healthcare are tangible, and they have been possible thanks to the existence of a universal and free healthcare coverage, in which prevention and care at the community level play a critical role.
In 2019, infant mortality rate was 5.0 per one thousand live births, and it remained at that same rate or below that rate for the twelfth consecutive year. Mortality rate for children under five years is 6.6 per 1,000 live births and the survival rate at that age is 99.3%. Ninety nine percent of births take place at health institutions.
Between 1985 and 2015, only 85 cases of children under the age of 19 had been diagnosed with HIV. By the end of 2015, HIV prevalence in this group was 0.01 percent.
In 2015, the WHO certified Cuba as the first country to eliminate the mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis. The indicators validating this certification are still met, therefore, in June 2019; the WHO ratified these results for the third time in the period 2015-2019.
Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations