Human Rights in Cuba: Access to health for all the people

New York,  6  October 2020. Cuba has a unique, free of charge and accessible health system, based on primary health care, which guarantees universal coverage and access to all Cubans without discrimination on grounds of sex, economic status, skin color, religious belief or political affiliation.

The right to health is enshrined in the Cuban Constitution.

Some figures on health in Cuba evidence the Cuban State´s commitment on this matter: the infant mortality rate at the end of 2019 was 5.0 per 1,000 live births; while the level of immunity of the Cuban population is 98 percent, and 14 infectious diseases have been eradicated, 9 are not health problems and other 29 communicable diseases are controlled.

The impact indicators that certified Cuba as the first country in the world to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis in 2015 remain complied with. On 12 June 2019, the WHO approved to maintain the validation for 2017 and 2018, which is a significant milestone in terms of public health.

Life expectancy at birth is 78.45 years: 76.50 for men and 80.45 for women; being 20.4 percent of the population over 60 years.

Cuba has more than 100,000 practising doctors, which it translates into 9 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants. Of these, approximately 33,000 are family doctors, first link of the primary health care in the island. Such primary health care is composed of 10,869 family doctor´s offices, 449 policlinics and 785 Basic Work Group, for a population of just 11 million inhabitants.

Several sources and institutions highlight the validity and efficiency of the Cuban health system: the World Health Organization affirmed that the Cuban health system is an example for the entire world; while the Pan American Health Organization has indicated that the Cuban family medicine model (family doctor) is a benchmark for the Americas region.

On the other hand, the 2019 Bloomberg Healthiest Country Index ranked Cuba 30th among the healthiest countries, which placed us as the healthiest country in Latin America and five points above the United States.

Permanent Mission of Cuba to the United Nations

 

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