"Free Cuba is incompatible with slave Cuba"

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, captain general of the Cuban Liberation Army and in charge of his provisional government The Cuban revolution, proclaiming the independence of the country, has proclaimed with it all freedoms, and could hardly accept the great inconsistency of limiting those to a single part of the country's population. Free Cuba is incompatible with slave Cuba; and the abolition of Spanish institutions must understand and understand by necessity and by reason of the highest justice of slavery as the most iniquitous of all. As such it is consigned this abolition between the principles proclaimed in the first manifesto given by the revolution. Resolved in the mind of all truly liberal Cubans, its realization at all must be the first of the acts that the country makes in use of its conquered rights. But only the country fulfills that realization, as a general measure, when in full use of those rights it can, through free suffrage, agree on the best way to carry it out with real profit, both for the old and for the new citizens.

Therefore, and in use of the powers that I am vested with, I have resolved that for now, and as long as something else is not agreed by the country, the following articles are observed: To this end, the respective receipts will be issued to the owners.

(we expose some of the articles)

3rd To this end, a commission will be appointed to take charge of giving them suitable employment in accordance with a regulation that will be formed.

5th. The slaves of those who were convicted of being enemies of the country and openly opposed to the revolution, will be confiscated with their other assets, and declared free, without the right to compensation, using them in service of the country in the same terms already provided.

7th The owners who provide their slaves for the service of the revolution, but to free them for now, will retain their property, as long as it is not resolved on slavery in general.

8th They will be declared free, of course, the slaves of the palenques that are presented to the Cuban authorities, with the right, either to live among us, or to continue in their mountain populations, recognizing and abiding by the government of the revolution.


 Bayamo, December 27, 1868, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes.



(Embacuba Austria)

Comunidad cubana