Human Rights Day is celebrated every December 10, the day on which, in 1948, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a historical document that proclaims the inalienable rights that correspond to every person as a human being, regardless of their race, color, religion, sex, language, political or other opinion, national or social origin, position economic, birth or any other condition. It is available in more than 500 languages and is the most widely translated document in the world.
Human Rights in Cuba
Cuba is proud to be among the countries whose governments have done much to achieve the widest possible enjoyment of all human rights for all its citizens, and has contributed to other countries in the developing world to achieve those goals.
We are proud of the work of the Cuban Revolution that allowed, for the first time in the nation's history, Cubans to fully enjoy their human rights.
At the same time, we are committed to continuing to further perfect our society for the benefit of the full enjoyment of human rights by all the Cuban people. We reiterate our firm commitment to the cause of human rights in all parts of the world.
The Constitution of the Republic is inspired by Marti's maxim: "I want the first law of our Republic to be the cult of Cubans to the full dignity of man."
The country continues to advance in its efforts to achieve the broadest enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all its citizens.
Compliance with the right to free and universal health and education is guaranteed, as well as access to healthy culture and recreation.
Cuba has made significant progress in the realization of economic, social and cultural rights.
The constitutional text in its article 73 establishes the character and the public function of education, free and of quality; a function that is exercised as a non-transferable duty and right of all Cubans, without distinctions or privileges, from early childhood to postgraduate university education.
Education reaches universal coverage and is free at all levels of education.
The Cuban State guarantees, through its various programs, that every girl, boy and adolescent has the possibility and the right to study in the National Education System and to reach their training, with equal opportunities, as far as their capacities and efforts allow it.
The right to education is guaranteed to every child and young person with any mental or physical disability through Special Education, when the full integration of the person with different capacities in general education institutions is not possible.
Despite the restrictions, the Cuban Budget for 2020 maintains an eminently social nature. 23.6% are dedicated to Education; 27.4% to Public Health and Social Assistance; and 16.2% to Social Security.
With an infant mortality rate of 5.0 per thousand live births (2019), Cuba continues within the 35 countries with the lowest infant mortality rate and within the first in the Americas region.
Care for the elderly is a priority and for this a multidisciplinary and intersectoral work is carried out, which guarantees the quality of life of this growing population sector.
Cuba stands out for its cultural development, the population's full access to art, the preservation and defense of our culture and the enrichment of our spiritual values.
Cuba is a paradigm of how much can be done for the labor inclusion of people with disabilities
Cuba's policy against any type of discrimination and in favor of equality has constitutional rank.
A legal-institutional framework has been created that guarantees full equality for all citizens regardless of their gender, skin color, national origin, religious beliefs, social condition or any other motivation that is harmful to human dignity.
Extensive programs have been implemented aimed at social integration and the development of capacities of historically disadvantaged sectors of the population.
Cuba eradicated institutional racism, offers ample possibilities for improvement and real benefits to the most disadvantaged sectors, and fights to ensure complete and effective equality of opportunities for historically disadvantaged sectors or dysfunctional families.
The National Commission for the elimination of racial discrimination was created. It works to overcome racial prejudices and stereotypes that survive from the colonial past of slavery and a neocolonial regime that enthroned racism and racial segregation.
Respect for free sexual orientation and gender identity is encouraged in Cuba.
Steady progress is being made in the fight against discrimination based on sexual orientation.
The National Sex Education Program has incorporated a permanent educational strategy to respect free sexual orientation and gender identity, establishing multiple spaces for exchange based on the principles of equality and non-discrimination.
The Cuban government continues to apply multiple laws, policies, and programs aimed at respecting sexual orientation, gender identity, and against racial discrimination.
There is a high level of unionization and collective bargaining agreements, including those of small private businesses.
There is union representation in the Council of Ministers and in ministerial and corporate bodies.
Since 1938, the Cuban labor movement achieved a unitary labor union in which today 17 unions and thousands of grassroots organizations participate.
The Cuban Constitution recognizes the rights of opinion, expression, information and the press of all citizens.
Cuba defends the right of peoples to information as a premise to exercise the right to expression.
In Cuba the basic conditions for the exercise of freedom of opinion, expression and press are given by a high educational and cultural level.
Cuba recognizes, guarantees and respects religious freedom, which is expressed both in legal documents, as well as in the existence, development and vitality of the wide and diverse universe of entities of this nature, in which Cubans practice and organize their beliefs.
Freedom of religion is fully recognized and protected in Cuba. The Constitution, in its articles 15 and 57, establishes that the State recognizes, respects and guarantees religious freedom; that different beliefs and religions are given equal consideration; and that every citizen is free to change their religious beliefs or not have any
Guarantees to freedom of religion in Cuba include criminal protection.
As part of the realization of the right of association in Cuba, our democratic model promotes broad participation by civil society organizations.
The Cuban State recognizes and encourages the mass and social organizations, arisen in the historical process of the popular struggles, which bring together the most varied and broad sectors of the population, represent their specific interests and incorporate them into the tasks of the construction, consolidation and defense of society.
Right to Health is an essential human right in Cuba.
Cuba has a unique, public, free and accessible health system, based on primary health care, which ensures universal coverage and access to all Cubans without discrimination of any kind based on sex, economic situation, skin color , religious belief or political affiliation.
The health of all peoples is a fundamental condition for achieving development, and in turn depends on the broadest political will and cooperation among States.
Cuba maintains the political commitment to offer quality, public, accessible and free health care to all its people. It also recognizes the leadership of the World Health Organization (WHO) on this issue.
The unjust blockade imposed by the United States on our country is the only limitation to achieve even more effective results in the field of health.
Embacuba Greece (photos Oriol Marrero and Cubaminrex)